Joint injections are a therapeutic treatment option used to mitigate muscle and joint inflammation from degenerative conditions such as arthritis, tendinitis, bursitis, and connective tissue disease. Although short-term inflammation is beneficial for preventing infections and healing injuries, chronic inflammation can cause pain and other complications. Joint injections contain corticosteroids, a class of powerful anti-inflammatory agents that provide long lasting relief to inflamed joints.
What To Expect
Prior to administering the joint (cortisone) injection, a TriState Pain Institute physician will sterilize the skin over the affected joint to reduce the risk of infection. If fluid is present within the joint, a separate, empty syringe will be injected to remove the fluid. This fluid may be sent to a lab for analysis to determine a proper diagnosis. Once the fluid has been removed, the cortisone injection will be administered to reduce inflammation and relieve pain. After the medication has been injected, the needle will be removed and a bandage will be placed over the injection site.
Patients may be advised to ice the injection site to reduce pain and inflammation. This can be done in 15 minutes intervals, once or twice an hour. Over-the-counter pain relievers can be taken within the first 24 to 48 hours after the procedure. Patients should monitor the injection site for signs of an infection and report any signs of swelling, warmth, fever, or chills to their TriState Pain Institute physician. A follow-up appointment will be scheduled shortly after the procedure. If the initial joint injection is deemed successful, a maximum of four injections can be administered a year.